Lesson 1: the nucleic acids (dna & rna) state the function(s) of nucleic acids outline dna & rna nucleotide structure in terms of sugar, base and phosphate state the names of the four bases in dna & rna. Section 43 nucleic acid synthesis the ordered assembly of deoxyribonucleotides into dna and of ribonucleotides into rna involves somewhat simpler cellular mechanisms than the correct assembly of the amino acids in a protein chain. Outline i macromolecules ii carbohydrates – simple and complex nucleic acids – dna & rna one of three dehydration reactions in the synthesis of a fat fatty acid (in this case, palmitic acid) glycerol figure 510b (b) fat molecule (triacylglycerol) ester linkage 10.
Dna and protein synthesis - “life is a three letter word” - chapter notes raycroft notes - dna & protein synthesis - student 2000 page 1 what is dna • dna is the control molecule of life dna has three • life most likely began as a nucleic acid (recall that there are two types of nucleic acids: dna & rna. This feature is not available right now please try again later. It is a medium of long-term storage and transmission of genetic information, while rna is a nucleic acid polymer that plays an important role in the process of translating genetic information from deoxyribonucleic acid (dna) into protein products.
Ap biology outline for dna: chemical nature of the gene write word equations for the synthesis of proteins and nucleic acids, using appropriate subunits b a wide variety of macromolecules exists in proteins and nucleic acids (sequence of amino acid subunits) of a protein molecule. Protein synthesis a nucleic acids - dna and rna - information molecules: store and transfer genetic information - structure is polymer of nucleotides = pentose sugar (deoxyribose/ribose) + phosphate: forms covalently-bonded “backbone. Nucleic acid metabolism is the process by which nucleic acids (dna and rna) are synthesized and degraded nucleic acids are polymers of nucleotides nucleotide synthesis is an anabolic mechanism generally involving the chemical reaction of phosphate , pentose sugar , and a nitrogenous base.
How the nitrogenous base code is translated to an amino acid sequence in a protein is the basis for protein synthesis for protein synthesis to occur, several essential materials must be present, such as a supply of the 20 amino acids, which comprise most proteins dna and another form of nucleic acid called ribonucleic acid (rna) are. Dna and rna, the nucleic acids, are the molecules responsible for the hereditary information that controls the protein synthesis in living organisms the name “nucleic” derives from the fact that they were discovered (by the swiss biochemist friedrich miescher, in 1869) within the cell nucleus. Objective sheet nucleic acids and protein synthesis 1 name the four bases in dna and describe the structure of dna outline the basic steps of protein synthesis identify the role of dna, mrna, nucleic acid exercise replication, transcription, translation dna makes up the chromosomes of all cells it contains the genetic information.
1 chemical basis of life outline: the chemical basis of life 1 chemistry of carbon 2 polymers & monomers 3 biologically important compounds carbohydrates lipids proteins nucleic acids 3. Protein synthesis consists of 2 parts — transcription & translation begins in the nucleus with mrna copying dna’s instructions for proteins (transcription) completed in the cytoplasm when trna enters ribosomes to read mrna codons and link together amino acids (translation) steps in transcription. Work on the protein synthesis activity with a partner put all answer in your lab notebook put all answer in your lab notebook when you finish, try the dna decoding activity. Nucleic acids, macromolecules made out of units called nucleotides, come in two naturally occurring varieties: deoxyribonucleic acid (dna) and ribonucleic acid (rna) dna is the genetic material found in living organisms, all the way from single-celled bacteria to multicellular mammals like you and me.
A slideshow for gr 12 life sciences students, focussing on aspects of nucleic acids and protein synthesis it contains helpful information on dna, rna, dna replication, transcription, translation, the importance of nucleic acids and genetic fingerprinting. Start studying ch 3 biology, macromolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids) learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other. Nucleotides and nucleic acids (a) state that deoxyribonucleic acid (dna) is a polynucleotide, usually double stranded made up of nucleotides containing the bases adenine (a), thymine (t), cytosine (c) and guanine (g.