The theory-theory of concepts the theory-theory of concepts is a view of how concepts are structured, acquired, and deployed concepts, as they will be understood here, are mental representations that are implicated in many of our higher thought processes, including various forms of reasoning and inference, categorization, planning and decision making, and constructing and testing explanations. Chapter 1: basic concepts in research and data analysis 3 with this material before proceeding to the subsequent chapters, as most of the terms introduced here will be referred to again and again throughout the text. A domain-specific language (dsl) is a computer language specialised to a particular application domainthis is in contrast to a general-purpose language (gpl), which is broadly applicable across domains there are a wide variety of dsls, ranging from widely used languages for common domains, such as html for web pages, down to languages used by only one or a few pieces of software, such as.
Understanding relationships is an essential part of synthesis and comprehension this concept web can be used for any topic or content area students can show relationships between vocabulary words, characters in a story, science concepts, or events in history. To achieve text summarization through the use of concepts, three resources are required: (a) a list of domain-specific concepts, (b) one or more synonymous phrases which occur in text and are associated with each domain-specific concept, and (c) an automated method for identifying concepts within a text. Literacy standards for reading in science and technical subjects (rst) grade 9-10 key ideas and details key ideas and details l9-10rh1: cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, attending to such features among ideas and concepts d use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to manage the.
Sencept: a domain-specific textual commonsense concept acquisition system rushdi shams1, msa shahnawaz chowdhury2, and sm abu saleh shawon3 department of computer science university of. This concept is important because the declaration of january 1776 - colonists by the thousands buy copies of thomas paine's common sense, determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area. In some domains, a domain-specific computational mechanism and a domain-specific body of information can form a single mechanism (for example, a parser is very likely to be a domain-specific computational mechanism that manipulates a domain-specific data structure.
In this paper, we apply concept learning techniques to solve a number of problems in the customer relationship management (crm) domain we present a concept learning technique to tackle common scenarios of interaction between conflicting human agents (such as customers and customer support representatives. Ibm watson natural language understanding is a a service on the ibm cloud that enables you to analyze text to extract metadata from content such as concepts, entities and sentiment. Self-concept: refers to domain-specific evaluations of the self 14 list at least three ways to improve self-esteem 1 identify the causes of low-self-esteem and the domains of competence important to the self (reflect on own strengths and weaknesses) 2. This aspect of the interface could result in dynamically created domain specific concept systems combined with temporal geospatial ontology to be used in conjunction with a future military devised ontology and its underlying concept system and knowledge base which would facilitate contextualisation. A domain ontology (or domain-specific ontology) represents concepts which belong to a part of the world, such as biology or politics each domain ontology typically models domain specific definitions of terms.
Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text ri44 determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area. Specific to a domain or field of study and key to understanding a new concept within a text because of their specificity and close ties to content knowledge. The agent uses common-sense reasoning and inference for associating the user's personal life, financial situation, and goals with the attributes of the expert domain model and vice versa the agent interface provides a natural-language interface for elicitation and explanations of design and process rationale.
Tier 3 words: these words are often referred to as domain specific they are critical to understanding the concepts of the content taught in schools generally, they have low-frequency use and are limited to specific knowledge domains. A framework for automatic semantic annotation for domain-independent uncontrolled videos utilizing similarity and commonsense the rapidly increasing quantity of publicly available videos has driven research into developing automatic tools for indexing, rating, searching and retrieval. The specification of extensive common-sense ontologies will require the treatment of non-individuating concepts and part-of relations within different domains of objects.
Domain-specific textual commonsense concept acquisition using a corpus abstract: in this paper, we present a textual commonsense concept acquisition system named sencept it works on text of dc electrical circuits and provides commonsense concepts associated with them for better contextualization. Use precise language, domain-specific vocabulary and techniques such as metaphor, simile, and analogy to manage the complexity of the topic convey a knowledgeable stance in a style that responds to the discipline and context as well as to the expertise of likely readers. Global self-esteem and specific self-esteem: different concepts, different outcomes created date: 20160808083628z. Related components of self-concept:cognitive (how competent students feel about a subject domain) and affective (their interest in the subject) this paper examines whether both components are domain specific.
Constructed ontology can be considered as a common-sense knowledge base consisting of the domain specific concepts and relation among them in the proposed approach, initially, we construct the domain specific ontology with the help of conceptnet. Entity data model key concepts 03/30/2017 3 minutes to read an entity type is a template for entities an entity represents a specific object (such as a specific customer or order) the richness of a conceptual model can be conveyed more clearly with a domain-specific language (dsl. Making a useful domain-specific semantic model is a rather different process, in our experience the software we built on top of conceptnet to make this possible eventually became our company, luminoso. Concepts are the constituents of thoughts consequently, they are crucial to such psychological processes as categorization, inference, memory, learning, and decision-making.